200 Series Year-by-year

Note: Most of this these year-by-year descriptions rely heavily on the 140/240 Model FAQ on John Laughlin’s Web Page. The reason why I added this info instead of simply linking to his page is that I wanted to add photos of the cars where possible. I have also made many additions, updates, and corrections based on input from the great people on Turbobricks.


1974-244-dl

1974 – First year of the 240, but only available in Europe.  The 240 at this point was basically a modified 140.

For the 140 in 1974: The big bumpers appeared. New one-piece glass in front doors. Gas tank was moved forward and enlarged from 15.3 gallons to 15.8 gallons. New exhaust system installed with different routing and larger mufflers. B20F lost 3hp when fuel system was changed from EFI to MFI. B20F cam changed to K-grind. Door mirrors no longer mounted to door skin, instead they were mounted to a finisher panel on the window frame. B20B available in Canada only.

In Europe, the 240 series was introduced. This new car had improved front suspension, different front sheet metal, and the parking brake was moved from the left side of the driver seat to the middle of the car. New shift knob and boot on manual transmissions. Dashboard was redesigned (same basic layout, but different vents and a different glove box lock, one that is pushed in to open the door, instead of turned like a knob). Head restraints were revised on the 240 series from the upholstered type to an open style and bottom seat cushions shortened. B20B engine discontinued in the United States, becoming only available in the U.K. and Canada. B20E became the 1973 B20F w/o EGR for European countries. 14″ steel wheels shod with 185R14 whitewall tires introduced on 240. 140′s continue on with Michelin ZX 165R15s on sedans and 175R15s on wagons. ’74 240 had either B20A (L) or B21A (DL).

European Engines:

B20A: 1986 CC, ZS 175-CD2-SE Single Carb, 90 HP @ 4800 RPM, 119 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 8.7:1 CR

B21A: 2127 CC, ZS 175-CD2-SE Single Carb, 96 HP @ 5250 RPM, 121 lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 8.5:1 CR


1975-244-dl

1975 – 240 series introduced in the USA with the old B20F engine producing 10 less horsepower than the 1974 B20F (found in USA 140 series). Even less power on California cars, because of the catalytic converter that was added to the exhaust system. All California cars require unleaded gas. In Europe, the 260 series and the B21E engine was introduced (see 1976 for details). European 240 gained reversing inhibitor ring on shift lever.

USA engines:

B20F: 1986 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 98 HP (94 w/ cat) @ 6000 RPM, 110 (105 w/ cat) lb-ft @ 3500 RPM, 8.7:1 CR


1976ish-244-dl

1976 – New B21F engine introduced. This new engine produced 102hp @ 5200 rpm and 114ft.lbs @ 2500 rpm. New revised manual transmissions introduced. 245 gains M46 overdrive transmission. New automatic transmission. New steering wheel.

New 260 series cars introduced with 262GL, 264DL/GL, and 265DL/GL models. The 260DL models had cloth interior on the sedan (vinyl on wagon), manual windows, and just the basic features that the 240DL had. Tachometer was standard on all 260 series cars. The GL models gained leather interior, power windows (sedan), sunroof (sedans), metallic paint, and silver grilles. All 260 series cars had quad headlamp systems with a longer hood that had a vertical grille. The V6 engine was a 2.7 liter all aluminum block+head motor with 125hp @ 5500 rpm and 150ft.lbs @ 2750 rpm. M46 transmission was standard, not optional, like on the 240 series.

240GL cars had the same features as the 1973-74 140GL models, plus the M46 gearbox. In mid-1976, the manual transmissions changed from using gear oil to using ATF. Door panels lost screws, instead having little clips holding them on at the top. Windshield wipers painted black instead of being the silver color of 1967-75. First year of reverse lockout ring on U.S./Canadian model Volvos.  Canadian 245DL wagons gain cloth interior as an option.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 102 (99 w/ cat) HP @ 5200 RPM, 114 lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B27F: 2660 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 127 HP @ 5500 RPM, 146 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR


1977-244-dl2

1977 – All 49 state cars gained catalytic converters as the California cars got a new high capacity 3-way cat. All 1977 models gained fuel prepumps instead of the fuel tank pick-up screen that was on previous models. New Lambda-Sond oxygen sensor replaced the Air system on most U.S. B21F engines. New valve cover on all B21 engines (no more Air pump on valve cover). 240s were equipped with the optional Japanese-built AW55 transmission, 260s came with the BW55. Canadian cars went to km/h speedometers. 240GL discontinued.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 102 (99 w/ cat) HP @ 5200 RPM, 114 lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B27F: 2660 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 127 HP @ 5500 RPM, 146 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR


1978-244-dl-2

1978 – All 200 series cars (excluding 242s) gained 260 series front end. 260 series cars gained rectangular headlights and power mirrors. New thicker seat padding. New 262C coupe introduced with chopped top, wood door and dash trim, power windows, power door locks, GT short shift lever, and very expensive looking leather interior. 242s retain earlier hood, but gain new headlights and a new grill.

242GT sports model introduced. The GT had velour interior, short throw shifter, new steering wheel, alloy wheels, leather shift boot cover, silver grille with fog lights, blacked-out bumpers, front spoiler, black plastic mirrors, and silver paint with black and maroon striping. In other markets (Canada not included), there was a new B23E engine that produced 140 hp. North American 242GTs came with California engine (101 hp @ 5200).

242DL and 244DL sedans got 175SR14 Michelin XZX blackwall tires, 242GT and all 260 series sedans got 185/70R14 tires in either H-speed rating (242GT) or S-speed rating (260 series). Wagons continue with 185R14′s but now blackwall and Michelin XZXís. 264GLE only available with automatic, while DL/GL 260s continue with M46 transmission as standard.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 104 (101 w/ cat) HP @ 5250 RPM, 117 (111 w/ cat) lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B27F: 2660 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 127 HP @ 5500 RPM, 146 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR


1979-244-dl

1979 – New rear end sheet metal on all cars, resulting in a different trunk lid and new tail lights. New steering wheels on all cars except the 242GT. Slightly more power on the B21 and B27 engines. 244GL returns, basically a 244DL with some of the GT (leather shift boot, GT style air dam) features and some of the 264 luxury appointments (standard suspension of DL used). Canadian B21Fís gained Pulsair air injection system and had 111 hp. 49-state B21F engines went to 107 hp @5250 rpm, thanks to an increase in compression to 9.3:1. 260DL discontinued in 1979. B21A carbureted engine introduced in Canada with single SU HIF 6 carburetor. 242GT gains higher performance suspension setup. 242GT gains black color. 260 series gains thermostatic heater control system (lever-type). 244GL gains 185/70SR14 tires. All cars get 242GT shift linkage. 240 A/C gains knob for precise control.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 107 (111 Canada) HP @ 5250 RPM, 117 (120 Canada, 114 w/ cat) lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B27F: 2660 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 127 HP @ 5500 RPM, 146 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR


1980-244-dl1

1980 - New door mirrors on all 240 series cars, made of black plastic instead of chrome. 240/260 nomenclature (and badging) lost. Instead the 240DL was just called the DL, the 244GL became the GL, the 264GLE became the GLE, and the 242GT became the GT. New Diesel model introduced with D24 in-line 6-cyl.

B27F V6 engine bored out to 2849cc and became the B28F. The U.S. model GL is updated in looks. U.S. GLs came with the 260 headlights, grille, and taillights. The Canadian model had the ’79 244GL exterior. The GLE gains 265 variant from 260GL models, but loses 4-speed+O/D manual. New 15in 5-spoke wheels with 195/60HR15 Pirelli P6 tires on GT and new front spoiler. All B21F engines had 107 hp. Speedometer was changed to have a maximum reading of 85 mph. Some GLE sedans have B21F engines, yet are still considered 264s. GLE/Coupe gain ’80 242GT front air dam.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 107 (111 Canada) HP @ 5250 RPM, 114 (120 Canada) lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1981-244-dl

1981 – GT model gains Turbo engine and becomes the GLT Turbo. All 240s, including 242s, gained the 260 series front end, with four 4×6″ sealed-beam headlights. Wagons gained wrap-around taillights. New dashboard and new shift knobs on manual transmission models. U.S. GL model loses alloy wheels, but adds 2-door model. GLT model added new steering wheel, velour interior (without the red stripe) or leather interior, optional automatic transmission, power mirrors, and more colors to the GT model of 1980. New GLT wagon and 4-door GLT sedan model with base B21F engine, velour or leather interior, power windows, black-out trim, and the GT wheels introduced. Coupe loses M46 transmission and vinyl roof.

B23E engine (Not available in USA) goes to (slightly) milder “K” grind cam from early “H” grind cam. Canadian GL loses leather shift boot cover. New 49 state non-turbo/GLT 240s with B21F-MPG engine that produces 99 hp @ 5000 rpm and 114 ft.lbs of torque @ 2500 rpm. California non-turbo and all GLT non-turbo U.S. model 240s come with standard B21F engine from 1980, but with Constant Idle control System. Some 49 state B21F’s, Canadian B21F’s, and Canadian B23E’s did not have the CIS installed.

USA engines:

B21F: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 107 HP @ 5250 RPM, 114 lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B21F-MPG: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 99 HP @ 5000 RPM, 114 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1982-244-dl

1982 – 262C Coupe discontinued (1981 was last model year). GLT adds turbo engine to the 4-door and the wagon. GL gains wagon model, regains the alloy wheels, and gains the front spoiler of the GLT/GLE models. DL model gains the reflector headlight trim of all other models. All cars get new speaker grilles in the front doors. New AW70 transmission with overdrive replaces the 3-speed automatic transmission of 1981, except on the GLE/Diesel models which kept the BW55 3-speed.

B21F-MPG engine replaces normal B21F and has 98 hp, instead of 107 hp. Electronic Fuel Injection on some 240s (B21F with LH-Jet 1.0). B21F-LH is used on some California 4-speed+O/D 244/245DLs and on all 242GLT non-turbo cars and has 105 hp @ 5400 rpm. GLE becomes 4-door sedan with B28F only and loses B21F engine option – 1982 was the last year of this model.

Canadian GL wagons have velour as standard equipment with optional leather interior, but without leather shift boot cover of U.S. version. Turbo model gets AW71 automatic transmission. 242GLT non-turbo loses automatic transmission (becomes like ’80 GT with LH-Jet, ’81 style dash, and rectangular sealed beam headlights). Zenith-Stromberg 175CD 2SE carb replaces SU HIF 6 on B21A.

USA engines:

B21F-MPG: 2127 CC,  Bosch K jet FI, 98 HP @ 5000 RPM, 112 lb-ft @ 2500 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B21F-LH: 2127 CC,  Bosch LH jet 1.0 EFI, 105 HP @ 5400 RPM, 119 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 9.3:1 CR

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1983-244-dl

1983 – New bumpers on all U.S. 240′s – black plastic replace metal/rubber “commando” bumpers. GLE (264) discontinued, except in Canada where it became equipped with the B23E. B23 block is a new casting, not a bored out B21. B23F is similar to the B23E from Canada, except with LH-Jetronic (2.0) electronic fuel injection, instead of K-Jetronic injection, and different fuel injector location.

Horsepower ratings were: (late-1983 models) 114hp @ 5400 rpm (AT only) or 111hp @ 5400 rpm (manual transmission). B23F engines come with Volvo/Chrysler ignition and 10.3:1 compression. ’83 B23Es lost power, bringing performance down to B23F levels. Acceleration still was quicker with B23E than with B23F, because of the K-Jetronic fuel injection. M46 changed to have shorter 1st gear on all transmissions, not just Turbo M46D versions.

USA engines:

B23F: 2315 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.0 EFI, 107 HP @ 5400 RPM, 127 lb-ft @ 3500 RPM, 10.3:1 CR

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1984-244-dl

1984 – B23E discontinued. Diesel model lost leather interior, power windows, sunroof, leather shift boot cover, and air conditioning as it was turned into a DL model from a GL model. Last year of 242, also last year of Diesel in most states. 120 mph speedometer replaces 85 mph speedometer from 1983. Chrysler distributor/coil replaced with Bosch distributor/coil on B23F. Canadian GL/GLE models gain the B23F-LH engine from the U.S. 240s. Steering wheel from 1981 GLT model used on all cars (240DL not included), except with “Volvo” printed on it instead of “Turbo”. B21FT gains extra 4 horsepower. Plug for heater wiring of 3-wire 02 sensor added. B21A gains 9.3:1 compression ratio and 4 more hp.

B23F with auto transmission retains 10.3:1 compression ratio.  B23F with manual transmission gets 9.5:1 compression ratio.

1984.5 – Turbo engine gains intercooler for an extra 31hp and is renamed the B21FT-IBS (also known as B21FT-L).

1984.9 – B23F engine gains 3-wire preheated O2 sensor, and redesigned preheat tube. Lambda-Sond light disconnected on non-turbo models.

USA engines:

B23F: 2315 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.0 EFI, 113 (std.) 114 (auto) HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 @ 2750 (std.) or 133 lb-ft @ 3500 RPM (auto), 9.5:1 CR (std.), 10.3:1 CR (auto)

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1985-244-dl

1985 – B230F engine is introduced. New engine has lightweight pistons, black valve cover, a different crankshaft, and  All Canadian 240s and U.S. 240GL/Turbo models have switchable (read: functional) driver side seat heaters. New rear wiper and arm. All cars gain rear fog lights in certain parts of the U.S.A. Diesel discontinued.

Last year of Turbo model (244 and 245), V6-model (265), and Diesel model (although most were gone in 1984). New radios. LH-Jetronic version 2.2 introduced on B230F. Fully Galvanized sheet metal introduced. Parking brake console has cutouts for seat heater switches, but 1985 models used a switch on the dash control panel. Temperature compensating board added to temperature gauge mid-year. Temp gauge and fuel gauge lose H/C, F/E markings.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.2 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR

B28F: 2850 CC, Bosch K jet FI, 130 HP @ 5500 RPM, 153 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 8.8:1 CR

D24 (Diesel): 2383 CC, Bosch VE6/10 F 2400 L-32 Injection Pump, 78 HP@ 4800 RPM, 102 lb-ft @ 3000 RPM, 23.0:1 CR


1986-244-dl

1986 – New front end made the North American 240s look almost exactly like the European model, except for larger 5-mph bumpers. New head restraints on front seats. New door mirrors with aerodynamic design and separate glass. 240 designation returns, but badges only say “240″ (instead of 242/244/245). Third rear brakelight added. New rear hatch handle on wagons. Dual seat heaters introduced on all cars. Speedometer becomes electronic instead of cable driven by the transmission.  New trunk lid on sedans with push-button latch as well as new 6-panel tail lights for all sedans.  Entire body made at the factory with new dies.

Some late model 240s with M46 gained a “5″ on the OD button. Some very early 245s still used the 1975 style head restraints (these cars may have never made it over to the U.S.A but were shown in the 1986 240 series brochure). Canada gains molded bumpers (losing ‘commando’ bumpers), but loses 240GL model (only 240 model available is 240DL). 240DL gains smaller 14″ steering wheel from GL.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.2 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1987-245-dl

1987 – New M47 5-speed manual transmission replaces 4-speed+OD transmission from 1986. Cars with M47 transmissions get a much heavier “dog dish” flywheel, resulting in slower throttle response but better ability to maintain high RPMs going up hills, and possibly better fuel economy.  Automatic standard on 240GL model. Front doors gain additional felt door seals to cut down on wind noise. Seatbelt buckles redesigned and moved from parking brake console to the edge of the seat, adding a storage box in the parking brake console. Right door mirror becomes convex. Last year of the biodegradable wiring harness problem.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.2 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1988-245-dl

1988 – New starter and colors. AM/FM cassette radio standard on all models. Biodegradable wiring harness problem fixed.  Last year of LH-2.2 fuel injection.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.2 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1989-244-dl

1989 – New steering wheel. Rear head restraints standard on sedans and wagons. GL model adds head restraint covers to the 1988 model. New fuel system with integrated ignition system (LH-Jetronic version 2.4 – No more Mopar! and no more adjustable timing). California model gains EGR system. Dash gauge faces changed from a higher-gloss black to a flat black. New wheel covers.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.4 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1990-244-dl

1990 – 240GL discontinued. Base 240 model introduced. Driver-side airbag standard. Power windows become standard on DL model. Radio optional on base model. Bosch LH-jet 3.1 fuel injection used on some manual transmission models.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.4 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 3.1 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1991-244-dl

1991 - 240DL discontinued. Radio now standard on base 240 as are power windows. 240SE model introduced (added stuff, special alloy wheels, black grill surround, etc.). ABS introduced as an option. New air conditioning system introduced with simplicity of 1973-77 system, but still running on R12 refridgerant.  Additional pusher fan for the AC system is improved.  Leather interior optional on base 240. Automatic transmission gains ASL (automatic shift lock) system. Rear hatch on 245 changed over to flush glass with relocated rear window washer; rear window is larger. Windshield now one-piece (no chrome stripping), as is rear window on 244 models. Warning lights now all without white lettering. Right side rear fog light removed. Bosch LH-jet 3.1 fuel injection used on some manual transmission models.  Halfway through the model year, 245 models get black tailgate hinges instead of chrome.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.4 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 3.1 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1992-245-dl

1992 – 240GL returns in sedan form only. The new GL has ’86 style grille, chrome window trim, chrome door handles, the special “SE” wheels, power sunroof, and heated power mirrors. All models with metallic paint gained body-color mirrors. 49 state B230F (called B230FD) engines have new fuel systems (LH-Jetronic version 3.1 instead of version 2.4). 240DL has all-black grille installed. Bosch LH-jet 3.1 fuel injection is also used on some manual transmission models. Door handles now painted black on all models except the GL.  AC system gets a larger evaporator.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.4 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 3.1 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR


1993-244-dl

1993 – New 240 Classic model introduced. This new model is available in both sedan and wagon body styles, has the 1992 GL “SE” wheels, chrome grille slats, special interior badge, wood dash trim, body-color painted mirrors, and special emblems. Interior upholstery choices on 240 Classic were velour or leather.  The 240 Classic models are generally well appointed, with power heater mirrors, heated seats, and other options.

Base 240 continues on unchanged except for ABS being standard. Last year for the 240. CFC-free air conditioning system introduced (r134a air conditioning).  Some late-model 1993 cars had LH 3.1 fuel injection and other changes to the under-hood electrical and wiring layouts.  Some B230F engines have Pulsair air injection system added for emissions (avoid this if you can). Most 1993 cars had the B230FD which had round-tooth timing gears (previous B230/B23/B21 cars had a square-tooth belt) which supposedly is longer lasting.  The B230FD also had an “L” block (identified by the sticker on the timing cover) which had piston-cooling oil squirters.  1993 was the only year where this engine was available in a 240, but 1993 and later B230 variants in other cars (740/940) also had these changes.

USA engines:

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 2.4 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR

B230F: 2316 CC,  Bosch LH jet 3.1 EFI, 114 HP @ 5400 RPM, 136 lb-ft @ 2750 RPM, 9.8:1 CR